幸运飞艇开奖彩网

HAITAI POWER Machinery

中国生物天然气行业的现状、问题与前景分析

发表时间:2017-12-01 16:51网址:

  SHENGWUZHINENGSHIQUANQIUJISHIYOU、MEITAN、TIANRANQIZHIHOUDEDISIDANENGYUAN。ZHONGGUOKEZUOWEINENGYUANLIYONGDENONGZUOWUJIEGANJINONGCHANPINJIAGONGSHENGYUWU、LINYESHENGYUWUHENENGYUANZUOWU、SHENGHUOLAJIYUYOUJIFEIQIWUDENGSHENGWUZHIZIYUANZONGLIANGMEINIANYUE4.6YIDUNBIAOZHUNMEI,DANGQIANDELIYONGLIANGBUZU10%,QIZHONGSHANGPINHUALIYONGLIANGYUEZHANZIYUANZONGLIANGDE5%。GUIMOHUADAXINGZHAOQIGONGCHENGYOUQISHISHENGWUTIANRANQISUOCHANSHENGDEZHAOQI,KEYONGYUFADIANSHANGWANGHUOSHITICHUNHOUBINGRUTIANRANQIGUANWANG、CHEYONGRANQI、GONGSHANGQIYEYONGQI,SHIXIANGAOZHIGAOXIAOLIYONG。SHENGWUTIANRANQIZAIZHONGGUOYIQIBU,BINGCHENGXIANLIANGHAOFAZHANSHITOU。

  一、中国发展生物天然气的驱动因素

  YISHISHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEYAOQIUJIAKUAINONGCUNZHAOQISHIYEFAZHAN。ZHONGGUOMEINIANCHANSHENGDENONGZUOWUJIEGAN10.4YIDUN,KESHOUJIZIYUANLIANG9YIDUN;GUIMOHUACHUQINYANGZHICHANGMEINIANCHANSHENGFENBIAN20.5YIDUN,YOU56%WEIDEDAOYOUXIAOLIYONG[SHUJULAIYUAN:《QUANGUONONGCUNZHAOQIFAZHAN“SHISANWU”GUIHUA》]。

  ERSHIRENMENSHENGHUOSHUIPINGDETIGAOYAOQIUJIAKUAINONGCUNZHAOQISHIYEFAZHAN。SUIZHERENMENSHOURUHESHENGHUOSHUIPINGDETIGAO,RENMENDUIROUDANQINNAIDEXIAOFEILIANGJIANGJIAOKUAIZENGJIA。ZHEIJIANGDAIDONGZHONGGUOCHUQINYANGZHIXINGYEFAZHAN,CONGERDAOBIYANGZHICHANGFEIQIWUZIYUANHUA、NENGYUANHUASHIYEFAZHAN。FAZHANZHAOQI、SHENGWUTIANRANQIJIANGSHIYIGEZHONGYAODEGAOZHIGAOXIAOXUANZE。

  SANSHINONGYEGONGJICEGAIGEYAOQIUJIAKUAINONGCUNZHAOQISHIYEFAZHAN。MUQIANZHONGGUODATIANZUOWUBOZHONGMIANJI24.82YIMU,MUJUNSHIFEILIANG21.9QIANKE,SHISHIJIEPINGJUNSHUIPING、OUMEIGUOJIASHUIPINGDEJIN3BEI。GUOMU、SHUCAIZHONGZHIYECUNZAIXIANGSIWENTI。ZHAOFEIKETIDAIDATIANZUOWU、GUOSHUZHONGZHIHUAFEISHIYONG,KEGAISHANTUZHI、TISHENGCHANPINZHILIANG。YIGERICHAN500LIFANGMIDEZHAOQISHESHI,KENIANCHANZHAOFEI1000DUN,XIANGDANGYUDANFEI43DUN。

幸运飞艇开奖彩网  SISHIZHONGGUONENGYUANGEMINGYAOQIUJIAKUAINONGCUNZHAOQISHIYEFAZHAN。ZHONGGUONENGYUANXIAOFEIZONGLIANG43YIDUNBIAOZHUNMEI,MEITANZHAN64%,BIZHONGGUOGAO;TIANRANQIJINGJINKOULIANG621YILIFANGMI,DUIWAIYICUNDUDADAO32.1%。WEILAIWOGUONENGYUANSHENGCHANHEXIAOFEIYAOLIZUGUONEIDUOYUANGONGYINGBAOANQUAN,KEJIANGFAHUIGENGZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。ZHONGGUOYIZHENGSHIXIANGGUOJISHEHUICHENGNUO,DAO2030NIAN,FEIHUASHINENGYUANZHANYICINENGYUANXIAOFEIBIZHONGTIGAODAO20%ZUOYOU。ZHONGGUOMEINIANKEYONGYUZHAOQISHENGCHANDENONGYEFEIQIWUZIYUANDADAO14.04YIDUN,KESHENGCHANSHENGWUTIANRANQI736YILIFANGMI,KETIDAIYUE8760WANDUNBIAOZHUNMEI,DUIJIANGDIMEITANXIAOFEILIANG、BUCHONGTIANRANQIQUEKOUYIYIZHONGDA。

幸运飞艇开奖彩网  WUSHIXINXINGCHENGZHENHUAJIANSHEYAOQIUJIAKUAINONGCUNZHAOQISHIYEFAZHAN。DAO2020NIAN,ZHONGGUOYAOSHIXIAN1YINONGYEZHUANYIRENKOUHEQITACHANGZHURENKOUZAICHENGZHENLUOHU,XUYAOXINZENGZHAOQIGONGYING118YILIFANGMI,YONGYUJIZHONGGONGQIGONGNUAN,MANZUCHUISHICAINUANYONGNENGXUQIU。

幸运飞艇开奖彩网  KEJIAN,ZHONGGUOFAZHANSHENGWUTIANRANQISHIYESHIMANZUZISHENKECHIXUFAZHANDENEIZAIXUYAO,SHEJISHENGTAI、MINSHENG、NENGYUAN、JINGJIDENGDUOFANGMIAN,ZONGHEDAIDONGXIAOYINGJUDA。ZHEIYESHIZHONGGUOSHENGWUTIANRANQISHIYEFAZHANDENEIZAILUOJI。

  二、生物质天然气相关政策分析

  JINNIAN,ZHONGGUOZHENGFUMINGQUETICHUDALIFAZHANSHENGWUZHINENGJISHENGWUTIANRANQI(HANZHAOQI)SHIYE。

  2016NIAN12YUE21RI,ZHONGYANGCAIJINGLINGDAOXIAOZUDISHISICIHUIYISHANGZHICHU:“YAOJIANCHIZHENGFUZHICHI、QIYEZHUTI、SHICHANGHUAYUNZUODEFANGZHEN,YIZHAOQIHESHENGWUTIANRANQIWEIZHUYAOCHULIFANGXIANG,LIZHENG‘SHISANWU’SHIQI,JIBENJIEJUEDAGUIMOCHUQINYANGZHICHANGFENWUCHULIHEZIYUANHUAWENTI”。

  2017NIANZHONGYANG“YIHAOWEN”——《GUANYUSHENRUTUIJINNONGYEGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGEJIAKUAIPEIYUNONGYENONGCUNFAZHANXINDONGNENGDERUOGANYIJIAN》TICHU,“DALITUIXINGGAOXIAOSHENGTAIXUNHUANDEZHONGYANGMOSHI,JIAKUAICHUQINFENBIANJIZHONGCHULI,TUIDONGGUIMOHUADAXINGZHAOQIJIANKANGFAZHAN”。

  CHUCIZHIWAI,ZHONGGUOZHENGFUZAICHANYE、CAISHUI、TUDIDENGZHENGCEFANGMIAN,CHIXUCHUTAIDUOXIANGJUTIZHENGCEZHICHISHENGWUZHINENGJISHENGWUTIANRANQIFAZHAN。ZAICHANYEFANGMIAN,ZHONGGUOZHENGFUDUIMEILIFANGMISHENGWUTIANRANQISHENGCHANNENGLIBUZHU2500YUAN,ZHAOQIFADIANXIANGSHOUWUQISHIDIANWANGJIERUFUWUBINGXIANGSHOUSHANGWANGDIANJIAYOUHUIZHENGCEDENG;ZAICAISHUIFANGMIAN,ZHONGGUOZHENGFUDUIYICHUQINFENBIAN、CANCHULAJIDENGCHANSHENGDEZHAOQIWEIYUANLIAOSHENGCHANDEDIANLI、RELI、RANLIAO,SHIXINGZENGZHISHUIJIZHENGJITUIZHENGCEDENG。[ZHUYAOZHENGCEJIANFUJIAN:2013NIAN,ZHONGGUOGUOWUYUANFABU《CHUQINGUIMOYANGZHIWURANFANGZHITIAOLI》,DUIZHIQUZHAOQIDENGSHENGWUZHICHULIFANGFAJINXINGLEYANGEGUIDINGHEYAOQIU。]

  DUOGESHENGSHIQUXIANHOUCHUTAISHENGWUTIANRANQIXIANGGUANZHENGCE。2016NIAN,JIANGSUSHENGCHUTAI《“LIANGJIANLIUZHISANTISHENG”ZHUANXIANGXINGDONGFANGAN》、NEIMENGGUZHIDING《GUANYUJINYIBUGUANCHELUSHI<CHUQINGUIMOYANGZHIWURANFANGZHITIAOLI>CUJINYANGZHIFEIQIWUZONGHELIYONGJIAQIANGWURANFANGZHIDETONGZHI》;2015NIAN,HENANSHENGCHUTAI《HENANSHENGBISHUIGONGCHENGXINGDONGJIHUA》、ZHEJIANGSHENGZHIDING《ZHEJIANGSHENGCHUQINYANGZHIWURANFANGZHIBANFA》、GUANGXIZHIDING《GUANYUGUANGXICHUQINGUIMOYANGZHIWURANFANGZHIGONGZUOFANGAN》DENG。

  三、生物天然气发展现状及存在的问题

  1、FAZHANXIANZHUANG

幸运飞艇开奖彩网  GENJU《SHENGWUZHINENGFAZHAN“SHISANWU”GUIHUA》,JIEZHI2015NIANDI,ZHONGGUOZHAOQILILUNNIANCHANLIANGYUE190YILIFANGMI,QIZHONGHUYONGZHAOQILILUNNIANCHANLIANGYUE140YILIFANGMI,GUIMOHUAZHAOQIGONGCHENGYUE10WANCHU,NIANCHANQILIANGYUE50YILIFANGMI。JIEZHI2015 NIANDI,QUANGUOHUYONGZHAOQIDADAO4193.3WANHU,SHOUYIRENKOUDA2YIREN。HUYONGZHAOQIGUIMOJIAODADEDIQUBAOKUOSICHUAN、GUANGXI、HENAN、YUNNAN、HUBEI、HEBEI、SHANDONG、HUNAN。ZHONGGUOSHENGWUTIANRANQIFAZHANQINGKUANGZONGJIERUXIA:

  ZAIZIYUANFANGMIAN。GENJU《QUANGUONONGCUNZHAOQIFAZHAN“SHISANWU”GUIHUA》,ZHONGGUOMEINIANCHANSHENGDENONGZUOWUJIEGAN10.4YIDUN,KESHOUJIZIYUANLIANG9YIDUN;GUIMOHUACHUQINYANGZHICHANGMEINIANCHANSHENGFENBIAN20.5YIDUN,YOU56%WEIDEDAOYOUXIAOLIYONG。KEJIANZHONGGUOSHENGWUZHIZIYUANFENGFU,DANKAIFASHUIPINGHAIJIAODI。

  ZAIJISHUZHUANGBEIFANGMIAN。JINGGUODUONIANFAZHAN,ZHAOQIGONGCHENGXIANGGUANSHEBEIYIQUDEYIDINGTUPO,DABUFENSHEBEIKESHIXIANGUOCHANHUA,DANSHIFADIAN、TICHUNDENGGUANJIANSHEBEIYUGUOJIXIANJINJISHURENGCUNZAIYIDINGCHAJU。

幸运飞艇开奖彩网  ZAIKAIFAMOSHIFANGMIAN。ZHONGGUOSHENGWUTIANRANQIXIANGMUYIBANDOUSHIZHENGFUZHUDAOXING,ZHONGSHIZHENGCEZHIDING,ZHONGSHIXIANGMUJIANSHE,DANQUESHAODUIXIANGMUYUNYINGGUANLIFANGMIANDEYOUXIAOJILIHEJIANGUAN,GONGCHENGYUNYINGCHANSHENGDEXIANJINLIUBULIXIANG,QIYETONGGUOJIANSHEZHAOQIGONGCHENGTONGGUOHUODEBUTIEYINGLI。ZHONGGUOSHENGWUTIANRANQIXINGYEPUBIANQUEFAKECHIXUXINGDESHANGYEMOSHI。

  ZAIYUNXINGQINGKUANGFANGMIAN。NONGCUNHUYONGZHAOQISHIYONGLVPUBIANXIAJIANG,NONGMINXUQIUYIYUANYUELAIYUEXIAO,FEIQIXIANXIANGRIYITUCHU;ZHONGXIAOXINGZHAOQIGONGCHENGZHENGTIYUNXINGBUJIA,DUOSHUKUISUN,ZHANGQIKECHIXUYUNYINGNENGLIJIAODI,CUNZAIXUDUOXIANZHIXIANXIANG。TONGSHI,ZHONGGUOQUEFASHENGWUTIANRANQIXINGYEXIANGGUANZHUANYEGUANLITUANDUI。

  2、CUNZAIDEWENTI

  YUDEGUODENGGUOWAIFAZHANSHENGWUTIANRANQIJIAOHAODEGUOJIAXIANGBI,ZHONGGUOSHENGWUTIANRANQIFAZHANCUNZAIYIXIAWENTI:

幸运飞艇开奖彩网  YISHIQUEFADINGCENGSHEJI,TEBIESHICHUQINYANGZHICHANGDENGFENBIANCHULIQUEFAZHENGCEZHICHI,WEICAIYONGTEXUJINGYINGQUANFANGSHI,DIFANGQUEFAKEXINGDEXINGYEFAZHANGUIHUADENG。

  ERSHICHULINONGYEFEIQIWUBUJINBUNENGXIANGYANGZHIQIYESHOUFEI,TONGCHANGHAIYAOXIANGYANGZHIQIYEZHIFUFEIYONG,QIEWUZHENGFUBUTIE。

  SANSHISHENGWUTIANRANQIBUSHUYUNONGYEXIANGMU,ZHINENGANZHAOWEIHUAPINSHENGCHANBIAOZHUNJINXINGSHEJIJIANSHEHEYANSHOU,ZENGJIALEXIANGMUTOUZI。

  SISHIQUEFAXIANGYINGDETUDISHUISHOUZHICHIXINGZHENGCE,HENDUOXIANGMUYINCIBUNENGLIXIANGHUOTOURUYUNXING,ZHIJIEYINGXIANGXIANGMUSHOUYI。

  WUSHIDUIYUSHENGWUTIANRANQIXIANGMUPUBIANCUNZAI“ZHONGJIANSHE,QINGGUANLI”XIANXIANG,DUIZHONGDUANCHANPIN(DIANNENG、RANQI、ZHAOFEI)DEJIAGEBUTIELIDUBUGOUHUOWUBUTIE。

  SHANGSHUWENTIYANZHONGYINGXIANGLEZHONGGUOSHENGWUTIANRANQIXINGYEJIANKANG、KECHIXUFAZHAN。

  四、生物天然气发展前景

  1、FAZHANQIANLI

幸运飞艇开奖彩网  GENJU《QUANGUONONGCUNZHAOQIFAZHAN“SHISANWU”GUIHUA》,WOGUOZHAOQISHENGCHANQIANLIDADAO1227YILIFANGMI,2015NIANQUANGUOZHAOQISHENGCHANNENGLIWEI158YILIFANGMI,LIYONGLVJINWEI12.9%,FAZHANKONGJIANJUDA。JUTIJIANXIABIAO:

 表1:中国农村沼气原料来源及生产潜力

  BIAO1:ZHONGGUONONGCUNZHAOQIYUANLIAOLAIYUANJISHENGCHANQIANLI

幸运飞艇开奖彩网  《QUANGUONONGCUNZHAOQIFAZHAN“SHISANWU”GUIHUA》TICHUDEDAO2020NIANDEFAZHANMUBIAORUXIA:

表2:中国农村沼气相关发展目标

  BIAO2:ZHONGGUONONGCUNZHAOQIXIANGGUANFAZHANMUBIAO

  QIZHONG:GUIMOHUASHENGWUTIANRANQIGONGCHENGSHIZHIRICHANSHENGWUTIANRANQI1WANLIFANGMIYISHANGDEGONGCHENG;GUIMOHUADAXINGZHAOQIGONGCHENGSHIZHIRICHANZHAOQI500LIFANGMIJIYISHANGDEGONGCHENG。

  2、ZHONGDIANRENWU

  GUOJIANENGYUANJUFABUDE《SHENGWUZHINENGFAZHAN“SHISANWU”GUIHUA》TICHUDALITUIDONGSHENGWUTIANRANQIGUIMOHUAFAZHANDEZHONGDIANRENWU。DAO2020NIAN,CHUBUXINGCHENGYIDINGGUIMODELVSEDITANSHENGWUTIANRANQICHANYE,NIANCHANLIANGDADAO80YILIFANGMI(BI2015NIANZENGZHANG60%),JIANSHE160GESHENGWUTIANRANQISHIFANXIANHEXUNHUANNONGYESHIFANXIAN。FAZHANBUJURUXIABIAO:

表2:中国农村沼气相关发展目标

幸运飞艇开奖彩网  BIAO3:“SHISANWU”QUANGUOSHENGWUTIANRANQIJIANSHEBUJU

  YISHITUIDONGQUANGUOSHENGWUTIANRANQISHIFANXIANJIANSHE。YIXIANWEIDANWEIJIANLICHANYETIXI,BIANZHIXIANYUSHENGWUTIANRANQIFAZHANGUIHUA,GOUJIANXIANYUFENBUSHISHENGCHANXIAOFEIFANGSHI。

  ERSHIJIAKUAISHENGWUTIANRANQIJISHUJINBUHESHANGYEHUA。JIANLIXIANYUSHENGWUTIANRANQIKAIFAJIANSHEZHUANYINGJIZHI,JIAKUAIGUANJIANJISHUJINBUHEGONGCHENGXIANDAIHUA,PEIXUNHECHUANGXINSHANGYEMOSHI。

幸运飞艇开奖彩网  SANSHITUIJINSHENGWUTIANRANQIYOUJIFEIZHUANYEHUAGUIMOHUAJIANSHE。

幸运飞艇开奖彩网  SISHIJIANLIJIANQUANCHANYETIXI。CHUANGXINYUANLIAOSHOUJIBAOZHANGMOSHI,GOUJIANSHENGWUTIANRANQIDUOYUANHUAXIAOFEITIXI,QIANGHUAYUCHANGGUITIANRANQIXIANJIEBINGWANG,JINKUAISHENGWUTIANRANQISHICHANGHUA。

  ZAITOUZIFANGMIAN,DAO2020NIAN,SHENGWUZHINENGCHANYEXINZENGTOUZIYUE1960YIYUAN。QIZHONG,SHENGWUTIANRANQIXINZENGTOUZIYUE1200YIYUAN,ZHANBICHAOGUO61%。

  五、风险分析

幸运飞艇开奖彩网  ZAIZHONGGUOTOUZISHENGWUTIANRANQIXIANGMUXUYAOTEBIEGUANZHUZHENGCEFENGXIAN,BAOKUOCAISHUIZHICHIZHENGCEDETUICHUHUOZHICHILIDUJIANRUO,GUODUBAOHUGUONEIJISHUSHEBEI,TUDIZHENGCEYOUDAIGAISHAN,XIANYUPEIQIGUANWANG、PEIDIANWANGBUNENGGONGPINGJIERU,YOUHUIDIANJIAZHENGCEBULUOSHIDENG。

  六、结论

  ZHONGGUORENKOUZHONGDUO,JINGJISHEHUIJIAOKUAIFAZHAN,DUIROUQINDANNAIDEXUQIU、DUISHENGWUZHINENGDENGQINGJIENENGYUANDEXUQIU、DUISHENGTAIGAISHANDEXUQIU,RIYIQIANGLIE。ZAICIBEIJINGXIA,FAZHANSHENGWUTIANRANQIZHUYAOCHUYUZISHENDEJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDENEIZAIXUYAO。YINCI,FAZHANSHENGWUTIANRANQIYICHAOYUENENGYUANTIDAIDEDANYIMUDE,DUIZHONGGUOJUYOUZHONGYAODEZHANLVEYIYI。

  JINGUANDANGQIANZHONGGUOSHENGWUTIANRANQIFAZHANHAIMIANLINJISHU、GUANLI、RENCAI、ZHENGCEDENGFANGMIANWENTI,DANSHIZAIZHONGYANGJIDIFANGZHENGFUDETUIDONGXIA,ZAIZHONGGUOPANGDADESHEHUIZIBENCANYUXIA,SHENGWUTIANRANQIXINGYEJIANGZAI“SHISANWU”SHIQICHENGXIANJIAKUAIFAZHANZHISHI。KEYIYUJIAN,WEILAIGEFANGDUIYOUZHIZIYUANDEJINGZHENGJIANGRIYIJILIE,HUODEZHENGFUZHICHI,XUNZHAOLIXIANGHEZUOHUOBAN,CHUANGXINSHANGYEMOSHI,TIGAOJISHUZHUANGBEIJIXIANGMUGUANLISHUIPINGJIANGCHENGWEIJINGZHENGZHONGDIAN。

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